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Gluten-Free Sourdough Starter With Millet, Teff, and Sorghum Flour (Lectin-Free)

In this post, you will learn how to make a lectin-free and gluten-free sourdough starter with a mix of millet, teff, sorghum flour, and homemade yeast water made of fruits. After you make this starter, you will be able to use it to make lectin-free and gluten-free sourdough bread loaves, pizza, flatbread, focaccia, and more.

What is a lectin-free and gluten-free sourdough starter?

Sourdough culture is a mixed ecosystem of bacteria and yeast, obtained by mixing water and flour, the traditional way of making all bread until about 100 years ago.

This culture is key to consuming grains in a healthy way, according to the sourdough guru, Richard Bourdon. Bacteria slowly break down carbohydrates and gluten (not the case here) and release the healthy minerals in the grains.

To better understand what sourdough bread is and the science behind it, I recommend watching the documentary Cooked, with Michael Pollan, on Netflix. The episode called “AIR” is all about sourdough bread.

While it might seem intimidating at the beginning, it is actually pretty easy to make your starter. However, the entire process of making the starter, maintaining it, and making bread is a slow process that requires patience and passion for home-cooking and making artisan sourdough bread.

As Michael Pollan rightly puts it: making bread is hard work, but it isn’t rocket science, and you can do it by feel.

To make a lectin-free and gluten-free sourdough starter, you will need a mix of flours that are both gluten-free and lectin-free. My favorite lectin-free flours are millet, teff, and sorghum, and I’ll be using a mix of these three flours.

Instead of water, we will be using yeast water or fermented fruit water, which will take about six days to make.

To recap, the lectin-free and gluten-free flours we will be using to make this gluten-free sourdough starter are:

  • millet flour
  • sorghum flour
  • teff flour

Most of the gluten-free baking of sourdough bread requires white rice flour or brown rice flour and buckwheat flour but not this one. All the flours we are using are not only gluten-free but also lectin-free.

You will be able to use this starter to make lectin-free sourdough bread with a mix of the three flours or with any one of the three flours (or mix of two of them).

Recipes using this teff, millet, and sorghum sourdough starter:

Sorghum & Millet Boule
Lectin-Free Focaccia
Rustic Sourdough Rolls

Gluten-Free, Lectin-Free Sourdough Flatbread with Sorghum Flour
sourdough pizza crust with millet and sorghum gluten-free lectin-free
Gluten-Free, Lectin-Free Sourdough Pizza with Sorghum Flour

How I started to make lectin-free and gluten-free sourdough bread

My adventure into making lectin-free sourdough bread started at the beginning of 2019, while living in Dallas, Texas, when I created a starter with millet and sorghum flour. At that time, I used a leaf of red cabbage for an extra boost of wild yeast. The white powder you usually see on red cabbage leaves is actually wild yeast. The starter became active and was doing well, but shortly after, I started to have some health issues, and I had to stop eating anything fermented for a while. I discarded my starter and put this project on hold.

Looking back, I don’t think that sourdough bread would have been a problem, but I did what I thought was better at the time. In the meantime, we moved from the US to Europe and at the moment we spend our time in between Romania (my native country) and Denmark (my husband’s native country).

Fast forward to the beginning of 2022, when I discovered an artisan baker in Romania who seemed to have a great method for making gluten-free sourdough bread, Ana A. Negru. I contacted Ana, told her about lectin-free flours, and asked her if we could make a beautiful bread like hers using only lectin-free flours.

After she studied my article Quick Guide to Gluten-Free, Lectin-Free Flours, she said yes, and suggested we do a one-on-one workshop together; I was so excited. I booked a workshop with her, but at the time, I decided to work with her own starter, which she sent me by mail (we were both in Romania).

The bread I made in the workshop was so amazing; we discussed the possibility of a partnership. We would put together both our expertise and make an e-book about how to make lectin-free sourdough bread. Unfortunately, she was very busy opening her own bakery, and the project got sidetracked, then our schedules and goals didn’t match anymore.

You can find Ana on Instagram at @sourdough_storytelling. If you are interested in learning with her, you can contact her and request a workshop in English.

So I decided to start from scratch, make my own starter, and figure out my own way to bring you an easy method to make delicious and healthy sourdough bread at home.

Looking back, I’m actually happy I didn’t do it at the time because after I moved to Denmark in the spring, I had so many problems with making the same bread I was successfully making in Romania. You see, sourdough bread is much more than a simple recipe. There are so many factors involved from ambient temperature, humidity, altitude, flour, water, oven, etc. So for two months, I had to study everything under the sun about making sourdough bread and gluten-free sourdough bread, and keep trying everything until I figured out what worked better.

I was lucky because my best friend from Dallas, Kristi, decided to join me on this journey, and I can tell you, it helps to have a sourdough baking buddy. We failed so many times together, but we never gave up. We learned patience and perseverance. I can’t describe the feeling of starting to see the results of all of our hard work.

That’s why I’m grateful that I had this learning opportunity instead of just sharing someone else’s knowledge.

Summary: What are the steps of making a gluten-free sourdough starter?

  1. Make the yeast water (takes 6-7 days)
  2. Make the lectin-free and gluten-free starter by combining a mix of teff, millet, and sorghum flour and the yeast water
  3. Make the “mother starter”, which from now on will be your own starter, which you will feed regularly and use to make preferments.

A PREFERMENT is a separate starter you will make a few hours before baking a loaf of bread. You will build a preferment exactly like your starter:

Mix 10 grams of the mother starter, 30 grams of water, and 35 grams of flour. The flour used in a preferment will be the same flour you use to make your bread. If you make a mixed bread, you will use the mix of three flours. If you only make millet bread, you will use only millet flour. If you make sorghum bread, you will use only sorghum flour, and so on. After mixing the ingredients, you will give your preferment time to ferment, the same way you do with the mother starter. Then you add it to the dough when making the bread.

But more about this in our bread-making article. I know it might seem all too much now, but I assure you, if I was able to figure this out, you will be too.

Before making bread, we need to build a healthy starter.

Step 1: Make the yeast water

Before we make the sourdough starter, we need to make the yeast water, a liquid obtained from fermenting fruits in water for about seven days.

What you need to make yeast water:

  • One 34oz mason jar with a tight lid (there is no problem if the jar is bigger)
  • One wooden spoon or stick (something to stir with)
  • 1/2 cup fresh organic blueberries
  • One organic apple
  • One or two tablespoons of organic, sugar-free dry fruits (dates are great, I used organic dried aronia berries)
  • Spring, bottled, or filtered water (without chlorine or fluoride), BUT don’t use reverse osmosis water.
  • PH strips to measure the yeast water’s PH on day 6 (make sure you order these in advance)
  • Patience: this process will take 6 to 7 days


  • Don’t use reverse osmosis water at any stage when making sourdough starter or bread. We tried, and it didn’t work well.
  • Don’t use frozen fruits, even if they are organic. If you don’t find organic blueberries, see if you find organic grapes, or other organic, maybe freshly-picked berries (not strawberries or raspberries). Luckily, organic apples are more widely available, so you can use only apples and dry dates or figs (always organic) if you don’t find blueberries or grapes.


Yeast water made with organic blueberries, apple and aronia berries
Stirring in the yeast water twice a day with a wooden spoon

How to make the yeast water:

  • Rinse the fruits with spring water (bottled or filtered, without chlorine). Just run some water over them, or let them soak in water, but don’t scrub them. Remember, we need the wild yeast on fruits. Let them dry on a towel.
  • Cut the apple into wedges, keeping the pedicel, core, and calyx.
  • Add all the fruits to the jar, and cover with water, leaving about 1/2 to 1 inch on top (I used about 3 1/4 cups of water)
  • Cover with a tight lid and place it in a warm place in the kitchen for 24 hours.
  • After 24 hours, open and stir. You will continue to stir twice daily, including on day 5.
  • During this time, the fruits will start floating, and you will observe some bubbles. Depending on the season you are doing this and the room temperature, you might get more or less fermenting activity.
  • On day 6, measure the PH of the liquid. If it’s a low PH (less than 6), your yeast water is ready to use to make the starter. Your water should smell fruity and fresh.
  • Strain the water, put it in a clean jar (or the same jar), cover, and store in the fridge until you are ready to make the starter.
The PH of the yeast water (yellow strip) against the PH of tap water (green strip)
The first starter, after mixing 100 grams of flour with 100 grams of yeast water

Step 2: Make the lectin-free and gluten-free sourdough starter

Now that we have the yeast water, we are ready to make the starter.

Before starting anything, make sure you have a digital kitchen scale and two small jars with lids. I recommend these Wick jars or something similar in size. The jars need to be covered but not air-tight; that’s why I love using the Wick jars with their glass lid. Don’t use the seal-proof elements for the sourdough starter; just use the glass lid. However, it’s not a problem if you don’t find these ones. Any tall, about 7oz glass with a lid will work.

You will also need a bigger jar for when you start the process of creating your starter with yeast water. This jar should hold about 400 ml of liquid (like the one in the picture above).

Make the flour mix: teff flour, sorghum flour, millet flour

  • Prepare a mix of millet, teff, and sorghum flour, using equal quantities of each. Make sure you buy flour from trusted sources, the best quality you can get, and organic. There is also the option to mill your own flour from the three grains, but that’s another story.
  • Mix 100 grams of each of the flours, so that means you prepare 300 grams of the lectin-free sourdough flour mix and store it in a mason jar or container. Whenever it is finished, make the mix again. Make sure you combine the flours really well before using them. Of course, you can make more or less of this mix at once, but always keep the proportions: equal quantities of each. For me, the 300-gram mix works well.

My experience with flour and making lectin-free, gluten-free sourdough bread has been interesting. When I started (see the story above), I worked with the same flours the artisan baker teacher worked with. After a while, I had to reorder, and I couldn’t find the same brand of teff flour, and the new one acted so much differently. From that moment, I had issues with making teff bread. It seemed that it was proofing in half the time compared to the old flour.

Then I moved to Denmark and started with new brands of flour. The mix absorbed so much water that I had to change the proportions of water in the starter (from 30 grams to 35 grams). After a few weeks, I ran out of sorghum flour, and apparently, there was a shortage of sorghum flour. Luckily, I found one bag of sorghum flour in a store, but it was a different brand. When I fed my starter with the new mix, I realized I needed to go back to my initial quantity of water, 30 grams. So the new sorghum flour wasn’t absorbing as much water as the previous one.

I wanted to tell you this story because you might experience the same issues, and you need to adjust on the way.

Based on what I can find on Amazon, which many of you have access to, I can recommend the below brands, but I haven’t worked with them. You can, of course, source them locally if you find them. These are some of the organic ones I found on Amazon:

I also found this option for organic dark teff flour (the one above is a lighter teff):

According to Teff Tribe, an Australian producer of local teff, there is no nutritional difference between ivory teff and dark teff; however, the taste profile is slightly different. Brown teff has a rich and robust, earthy hazelnut flavor. Ivory teff is milder, with a slightly sweet, chestnut-like flavor. If you are in Australia, they are a great source of quality teff flour.

If you are in the US, you can also find good-quality flours on My sourdough buddy in Dallas, Kristi, works with them, and she loves them.

I’ll tell you more about each flour and the taste profile of the bread in Part Two of this series: Gluten-Free Sourdough Bread with Sorghum and Millet.

Combine flour and yeast water

  • To make the sourdough starter with the yeast water, combine 100 grams of yeast water with 100 grams of the lectin-free flour mix in the bigger jar you have (34oz or more). If your mix seems too dry, you can add a few tablespoons more water. If your mix seems a little too moist, it’s not a problem.

NOTE: These three flours can act differently depending on the origin of the grain, how it was milled, how old it is, etc. If you ever feel like your mixture is too dry (you are left with dry patches of flour) after all the water has been incorporated, just add more water, little by little, until all the dry spots disappear (I like to work with a teaspoon to make sure I don’t add more than needed).

  • Once you have made the mixture, cover it and let it sit on the counter for 24 hours. You can add a rubber band around the glass at the level the mixture is now. This way, it will be easier to monitor its growth. You will notice the starter is getting active if you see bubbles (holes) and a rise, maybe some cracks on tops (but not necessary; this will also depend on how thick the paste is). From experience, it’s not going to double, but it will rise, and you will see these signs of fermentation.
The first lectin-free, gluten-free sourdough starter after 24 hours. The texture shows signs of fermentation.

Step 3: Now you are ready to make ‘the mother starter’

After 24 hours, if you have an active starter, you will make your mother starter, which will now be your own sourdough starter. I suggest you give it a name. Mine is Rosey :). These are the steps to make the mother sourdough starter:

  • Take one of the smaller jars you have – I have a 200ml / 6.7oz jar, and it’s a perfect size; make sure it is washed and dried properly.

NOTE: You can put the rest of the starter (the one in the big jar) in the fridge and incorporate it into baking or making pancakes and waffles; it will act as a raising agent. You can use it to make sourdough bread at this point, but I want to keep things simple for you at this time. From now on, when I refer to the sourdough starter, I refer to the small jar we will make now (which has a name).

  • Add 10 grams of the sourdough starter you made to the jar, top with 30 grams of filtered, spring, or bottled water (measure the water in grams, not ml), and 35 grams of the lectin-free gluten-free flour mix.
  • Mix well with a spatula or spoon until all the flour is incorporated and you obtain a paste. If the mixture is too dry, you might need more water.

IMPORTANT NOTE: The type of flour you use will make a difference, and you might need somewhere between 30-35 grams of water. Start with 30 grams, then if there are dry spots of flour left, add a few drops at a time, continuing to measure until you obtain the hydrated paste. Take a note of how many grams of water your starter needs, as this will be the quantity you will work with to feed your starter from now on. When I started, I only needed 30 grams of water. When I moved country, and I started to use different flours, I had to use 35 grams. Then, I had to buy a different brand of sorghum flour, and I had to come back to using 30 grams. So, always pay attention and adjust if you make any changes to the flour you use. The quantity of flour will stay at 35 grams.

Starter that is almost ready to feed
Bubbles are signs of fermentation

  • Cover with a loose lid (like the glass lid of the Weck jars, without the seal-proof elements), or with a coffee filter and a rubber band, and let it sit on the counter for 12 hours. Then you do the next feeding.

SUMMARY: From now on, this small jar will be your starter. You will keep it on the counter and feed it twice a day (morning and evening). If you need to leave home for a longer period, put the starter in the fridge and resume feeding when you are back. When you want to make bread, you will make a preferment using the unfed starter (before you feed the starter). You will find all the details about how to make the preferment in the following article: Gluten-Free Sourdough Bread Recipe with Sorghum and Millet (Lectin-Free).

You repeat the same procedure. There are two ways to do this. If you only have one jar, take the entire starter out of the jar and put it in a clean bowl or cup. Wash the glass with hot water and dry it. If you have an extra jar, use that one.

When you feed the starter, you only need 10 grams of the mother starter. Add 10 grams of starter to the clean jar, top with 30 grams of water (or whatever quantity you decide your flour needs), and 35 grams of flour. Mix well until you get a paste and no dry spots left. Cover and let it sit on the counter for 12 hours.

To make things easy, the two feedings a day should be in the morning and evening. It doesn’t have to be exactly 12 hours.

You continue with this feeding schedule, doing the exact same thing every time. What’s left after you use the 10 grams of starter is called SOURDOUGH DISCARD. You can keep the discard, and store it in a jar in the fridge. It can be used for making pancakes, waffles, banana bread, cakes, or anything that needs a rise. It won’t last forever though, best is to use it within two weeks.

The sourdough discard is one of the reasons we are making such a small starter (you may have seen huge jars of starter in other places). Plus, the lectin-free flours are expensive; we don’t want to waste too much flour. To make a pre-ferment for a loaf of bread, you will only need 10 grams of starter.

Sourdough discard recipes:

About the smell of your starter

In the beginning, your sourdough starter might smell pretty strong. It can smell something like acetone, but that is normal. It just means your starter is very hungry.

With time, the smell will become more pleasant. Mine smells like a delicious fruity wine right now. But whenever your sourdough starter is hungry, it will smell strong, like vinegar or just sour.

Now that you have your ‘mother sourdough starter’, you are ready to make bread

While it is good to feed your starter a few times before making bread, you can start making bread from the first day. However, making bread with this lectin-free, gluten-free sourdough starter requires another set of skills which will be the subject of Part Two of this series: Gluten-Free Sourdough Bread Recipe With Sorghum and Millet (Lectin-Free).

What does a healthy gluten-free starter look like?

Just know that your starter will become better with time if you feed it regularly. After feeding it, the starter will be doubling in size, in about five hours (it can take more or less, but that’s my experience). When it’s at its peak, your starter will be doubled or somewhere near, have a dome and you can see bubbles on the sides of the glass. Inside will be light and airy, with lots of air pockets.

Your starter needs warmth to activate, so make sure that the place you keep it is not very cold (it should be above 70F). You only put it in the fridge when you are taking a break from making bread; this way, your starter will not need feeding.

If you are not at home to feed the starter

It happens. We are all traveling at some point or another. Don’t worry. Just place your starter in the refrigerator, and you can resume feeding and making bread when you are back home.

Continue to keep your starter on the counter and feed it twice a day whenever you are home and want to make bread. If your starter is in the fridge and you are planning to make bread, you will need to feed it three times before you use it to make a pre-ferment for your bread.

Don’t compare your lectin-free, gluten-free sourdough starter with a gluten starter

I felt like I needed to add this note here. While we follow some of the rules of making a normal sourdough starter, our starter will not look like a gluten starter. I know, sometimes I’m jealous about what gluten can make, but I promise you, the bread you will make with this starter will be better than most of the bread you’ve had (with gluten or not).

Starter before feeding (12h after the previous feeding)
Starter immediately after feeding
Starter 7 hours after feeding

How to back up your sourdough starter?

Maybe you wonder, what if something happens to my starter, do I have to start from zero again? While this can be the case, and to be honest, it’s not such a big of a deal to make the yeast water again, there is another way, especially if you are attached to your starter :).

You can dry your sourdough starter. This is especially useful for people like me, who live in different places throughout the year and have to travel with their starters. You can dry your starter anytime; you don’t have to wait until you travel. You can also renew your dry flakes whenever you feel like it.

  1. After you feed your starter, use the discard (what’s left after you took 10g out) to make the backup starter.
  2. Add the discard paste on top of a sheet of parchment paper, add another sheet on top, and roll with a rolling pin until the discard spreads out in a very thin layer.
  3. Take the two sheets and place them where the discard can dry out. It has to be somewhere where it can’t be disturbed by pets, kids, etc. I place it on my dryer. If I do this after the evening feeding, the discard will be dry until the morning.
  4. Lift the top piece of paper and check if completely dry. If so, place it on a table, and gather all the formed flakes.
  5. Put the flakes in a clean and dry jar (very important to be 100% dry) and close the lid. That’s it; this is your backup starter. You can repeat this process one more time and add the flakes to the same jar, so you make sure you have enough flakes if you need to activate your starter.
  6. Place in a dark place.

How to activate the dry sourdough starter

When you need to activate your starter, follow the below steps (this is something I learned from the sourdough artisan that taught me how to make my first bread). I followed this process when I moved from Romania to Denmark, and it worked.

The first step is to turn your flakes into powder; you can do that with a Nutribullet with a milling blade, a spice mill, or a coffee grinder. Make sure they are very clean and dry before you use them.

  1. Feeding no. 1 – 20g dry sourdough powder + 20g flour mix (the same you use for feeding) + 40g water (same quality of water you used to make and feed your starter). Wait until you see signs of fermentation (bubbles, air, raise). Can take 24-36 hours.
  2. Feedings no. 2 and no. 3 – 20g of paste from the previous feeding + 20g water + 20g flour mix
  3. Feedings no. 4 and no. 5 – 20g of paste from previous feeding + 40g water + 40g flour mix
  4. Feedings no. 6 and no. 7 – 10g of paste from previous feeding + 30g water + 30g flour mix
  5. Feedings no. 8+ – 10g of paste + 30g water +35g flour mix

Now you have a new starter. If your paste is too dry with only 30g of water, you can gradually add extra water, up to 35g, until you get a well-hydrated paste with no dry spots, but not watery or too soft.

I will travel, or I won’t have time to take care of my starter. What can I do?

If you travel or want to put making bread on hold for a while, this is what you need to do. Feed the starter as per the schedule, let it sit at room temperature for about an hour, then put it in the fridge (with the lid on, secured, but not air-tight). It can stay in the fridge without being fed for about three weeks. But I do recommend, if you can, refeeding it again after two weeks, and you can put it back in the fridge.

When you start to refeed it and want to make bread, take it out of the fridge, let it sit at room temperature for about an hour. Remove the top which usually gets dark, then feed it as per the usual schedule, morning and evening. Feed it twice, at least, before you make a preferment.

Can I travel with my sourdough starter?

Yes, you can travel by airplane with your fresh sourdough starter. You will just have to follow the liquid rules for carry-on bags: have it in a transparent container with a good lid, then in a transparent bag. Label it. Keep it under 3.4oz (100ml). Our starter is 75 grams, so it’s the perfect travel size. Before your travel, adjust the feeding schedule in advance to make sure the starter is fed just before you leave the house (especially if your travel is longer than 12 hours).

If you travel between continents, make sure you search in advance. I think there are places, like Australia, or even Haiti, that will not allow a starter from another country. But I’m not sure.

Have any questions about making a lectin-free and gluten-free sourdough starter?

For the longest time, I was intimidated by making sourdough bread. I was never clear on what exactly the process was; everything seemed confusing.

I tried to be as clear and detailed as possible in this post, but please, I encourage you to ask all the questions you have in the comments or let me know if something is not clear, and I’ll make sure I’ll clarify.

The next step will be sharing with you the lectin-free, gluten-free sourdough bread-making process.

Millet, sorghum and teff loaf with walnuts and cranberries
Teff loaf made in a Dutch oven

*This post contains affiliated links, which means I get a small commission if you choose to purchase something via one of my links, at no extra cost to you

Gluten-Free Sourdough Starter With Millet, Teff, and Sorghum Flour (Lectin-Free)

1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (9 votes, average: 4.56 out of 5)
By Claudia Curici, Health Coach Serves: 1
Prep Time: 30 minutes

In this post, you will learn how to make a lectin-free and gluten-free sourdough starter with a mix of millet, teff, sorghum flour, and homemade yeast water made of fruits. After you make this starter, you will be able to use it to make lectin-free and gluten-free sourdough bread loaves, pizza, flatbread, focaccia, and more.


  • 1/2 cup organic blueberries
  • One small organic apple
  • One or two tablespoons of organic, sugar-free dry fruits (dates are great, I used organic dried aronia berries)
  • Filtered, spring, or bottled water (without chlorine or fluoride), BUT don't use reverse osmosis water or tap water
  • 33 grams of teff flour
  • 33 grams of millet flour
  • 34 grams of sorghum flour
  • 100 grams yeast water (measure in grams, not milliliters)
  • TO MAKE THE 'MOTHER STARTER' (the starter you will work with from now on)
  • 10 grams of the big starter you made 24 hours ago
  • 30 grams of water (filtered, no chlorine, but don't use reverse osmosis water)
  • 35 grams of the flour mix (equal quantities of teff, sorghum and millet)





Rinse the fruits with spring water (bottled or filtered, without chlorine). Just run some water over them, or let them soak in water, but don't scrub them. Remember, we need the wild yeast on fruits. Let them dry on a towel.


Cut the apple into wedges, keeping the pedicel, core, and calyx.


Add all the fruits to the jar, and cover with water, leaving about 1/2 to 1 inch on top (I used about 3 1/4 cups of water)


Cover with a tight lid and place it in a warm place in the kitchen for 24 hours.


After 24 hours, open and stir. You will continue to stir twice daily, including on day 5.


During this time, the fruits will start floating, and you will observe some bubbles. Depending on the season you are doing this and the room temperature, you might get more or less fermenting activity.


On day 6, measure the PH of the liquid. If it's a low PH (less than 6), your yeast water is ready to use to make the starter. Your water should smell fruity and fresh.


Strain the water, put it in a clean jar (or the same jar), cover, and store in the fridge until you are ready to make the starter.




In a clean jar with a loose lid, combine the 100 grams of the flour mix and the 100 grams of yeast water. Stir with a wooden spoon. Cover loosely with a lid or with a coffee filter tight with a rubber band. If the mix seemed too dry and you are left with dry spots after mixing very well, you can add a few more drops of water until you get a hydrated paste and no more dry spots.


Let it sit on the counter for 24 hours. You can add a rubber band around the glass at the level the mixture is now. This way, it will be easier to monitor its growth. You will notice the starter is getting active if you see bubbles (holes) and a rise, maybe some cracks on tops (but not necessary, this will also depend on how thick the paste is). From experience, it's not going to double, but it will raise, and you will see these signs of fermentation.


MAKE THE 'MOTHER STARTER' (the one you will work with from now on):


You can start by making your own sourdough lectin-free mix of flours. Mix equal quantities of the three flours in a jar with a tight lid. I usually make a 300 grams mix at a time (100 grams of each flour), but you can make as much as you want. From now on, you will use this mix to feed your starter. Whenever is over, you make the mix again.


In a small jar (the one you choose to store your starter in, about 200 grams), mix the 10 grams of starter (from the big jar you made 24 hours ago), 30 grams of water, and 35 grams of flour mix.


Mix well, you should get a paste. If there are dry spots left (some flours absorb more water), add a few more drops of water until you get a well-hydrated paste (take a note of how much water you added and you will use this quantity from now on).


FEED THE 'MOTHER STARTER' (see feeding video in the post above):


The small jar will be on the counter, at room temperature, covered with a loose lid or a coffee filtered tight with a rubber band.


You will feed this starter twice a day, morning and evening (it doesn't have to be exactly 12 hours).


When you are ready to feed, have another similar, clean, and dry jar nearby. Always use a clean jat when you feed your starter. If you only have one jar (but please buy at least two, it's useful), take the starter out in a clean bowl, and wash and dry the jar with hot water. (don't use detergent).


Add to the clean jar: 10 grams of the starter, 30 grams of water (or whatever you decided you need in the previous step), and 35 grams of the flour mix. Mix well (preferably with a ceramic or wooden spoon or stick, but stainless steel works too), cover and let it sit on the counter until the next feeding.


You will repeat this twice a day, every day. You can start making bread from day 1, but have patience with your starter, the more mature it gets the better. Later, after you built your starter, if you decided not to make bread for a week or leave home, just put the starter in the fridge about 30 minutes after you fed it. When you go back, you take it out, let it reach room temperature, and resume feeding as usual. You will have to feed your starter 3 times before you can use it to make bread again.




When you want to make bread, you will feed your starter as usual, and in a separate jar, you will make what is called a PREFERMENT. Which is made exactly like a starter: 10 grams of starter, 30 grams of water, and 35 grams of the flour you are using to make bread. PLEASE READ THE POST ABOVE FOR MORE DETAILS.


Please read the entire post before proceeding to start. It is important you get the starter right in order to be able to make bread later. If you have any questions, please ask below in the comments.

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  • Reply
    June 14, 2022 at 9:20 am

    I can’t wait for your next post on making gluten free bread with the yeast water starter! I’m in process of making the yeast water now!

    • Reply
      June 15, 2022 at 3:42 am

      It’s up now :)) Please let us know how it goes <3

      • Reply
        November 24, 2022 at 8:47 am

        Thank you for all your instructions. It is my first time and it can be very overwhelming! I have a question regarding the original starter (in the big jar) – we do not need this one anymore? Ie when we ‘feed’ the starter we use the other jar that we did the previous feeding in? I was also wondering how liquidy the paste should be, is it a thicker or more thin paste?
        THank you!

        • Reply
          November 24, 2022 at 10:17 am

          Hi Marie, so happy you are starting this journey. I know it’s overwhelming at the beginning, but you will see with time actually how easy the process is. So you don’t need the big jar anymore. You can make bread with that, but it’s a different story, and I didn’t want to overwhelm and confuse people even more. For now, put it in the fridge, just in case, and if you don’t use it again in one week, discard it. Now, your small jat is your starter. It’s ok if you don’t have a small one, but in a big one you won;t be able to see exactly the texture, and a lot will be spread on the jar… So get a small one as soon as possible. As per the texture, watch the video in the post with me feeding the starter; you will see the texture there. It can be slightly more thick that that, but it should always look hydrated. It should not look watery. I hope this helps, I’ll be here for any question you have. <3

  • Reply
    June 27, 2022 at 12:02 pm

    I started the wild yeast project last week and will not get to the bread until tonight. I have quite a bit of sourdough discard in the fridge. How much of it do you add to other recipes? Also, how do you dry the starter for storage? I don’t want to feed it forever since the flour is so expensive.

    • Reply
      June 27, 2022 at 12:34 pm

      Hi Julia, that’s great! Send me an email at (or reply to one of my newsletters) and I’ll send you a recipe for waffles using the discard. I’ll edit the post to give instructions on how to dry and reactivate the starter.

      • Reply
        June 27, 2022 at 9:27 pm

        That’s wonderful! I love your recipes and posts. The detail is very reassuring to a novice like me.

        • Reply
          June 28, 2022 at 1:23 pm

          So happy to hear it helps! xx

  • Reply
    July 3, 2022 at 11:39 am

    I’m so excited to start this process! I love making bread and your recipes are the best! I used to make wheat sourdough in the past, and so happy to try with these lectin-free flours! Thanks for all your creative recipes ❤️

    • Reply
      July 4, 2022 at 8:11 am

      Hi Kathy, thank you so much for your kind words. Please share with us how the LF sourdough project goes xx

  • Reply
    Niloufer Gazdar
    July 17, 2022 at 12:15 pm

    When you say water, its the (fruit yeast water we made ) that we are using..right ?

    • Reply
      July 17, 2022 at 12:41 pm

      Hi Niloufer, when is yeast water, the exact name is mentioned. When you need simple water (filtered, as explained in the post), it is just water. We only use yeast water once, when we make the big starter. After that, we only use filtered water (again, filtered, as explained in the post, and don’t use reverse osmosis water). Does this help?

  • Reply
    July 30, 2022 at 12:55 pm

    Made the yeast water! And this morning I just made the starter! Tomorrow, hopefully, will be the mother starter and next weekend perhaps the bread! Can one drink the leftover yeast water? Just wondering

    • Reply
      July 31, 2022 at 7:10 am

      Hi Kathleen, this is a good question! I asked myself but didn’t feel like experimenting :)) Technically, it should be safe if it has a low PH, but my body reacts to high amounts of fermentation. But you can use it to make bread – I don’t have a recipe, but I know people replace regular water with yeast water to make bread rise (which makes sense, it activates our starter). I hope this helps. xx I’d love to hear from you when you make bread xx

  • Reply
    Michelle Hierzer
    August 20, 2022 at 7:38 am

    Hi Claudia,

    Love your recipes. I’m ready to feed the starter, but am confused. Am I adding to the small jar with starter in it, from the large, or now creating a new batch in a third jar?

    • Reply
      August 20, 2022 at 8:24 am

      Hi Michelle, thank you 🙏. Now you are done with the big jar. To feed the starter, take 10 grams from the small jar, add to a clean jar, top with 30 grams of water (or the required amount of water) and 35 grams of the flour mix, mix well, cover, and leave on the counter. After 12 hours, you do the same and repeat it every morning and evening. Check the video I posted in the article; I recorded this exact process. As a side note, the mix in the big jar can be used for baking, but I didn’t want to complicate things even more. If you don’t have previous experience with sourdough baking, kee that jar in the fridge for a week or so, just in case you need a backup, and then discard. Please let me know if it’s clear now. xx

      • Reply
        Michelle O
        January 15, 2023 at 6:33 pm

        Hi Claudia, I’m still a bit confused by this part. I understand how you feed the mother starter the first time. Then when you need to feed it again (12 hours later), do you take 10 grams from the jar you fed 12 hours ago and start a new jar with 30 grams of water and 35 grams of flour mix? Also, how many times do recommend feeding it? Thank you!

        • Reply
          January 16, 2023 at 2:07 am

          Hi Michelle, that’s 100% correct! You have to feed your starter x2 a day when it’s at room temperature. When you want to take a break, you put it in the fridge. Check out all the questions I answered at the end of the post, I probably covered a lot of other questions you might have. If not, let me know. xx

  • Reply
    November 15, 2022 at 8:09 am

    Hi Claudia, I started my yeast water today, I will let you know how it went.
    I am truly looking forward to start this sourdough journey and produce delicious letting free, gluten free bread, focaccia and pizza!

    • Reply
      November 16, 2022 at 3:05 am

      Hi Ewa, that’s great! Can’t wait to hear back from you. I’m here if you have any questions.

  • Reply
    November 24, 2022 at 8:57 am

    Hi Claudia,
    I love your recipes – thank you! I bought your book and love it too! I posted above but wasnt sure where the best place to post. so i re-posting just in case 😉 It is my first time making bread ever and i find it overwhelming! I have made the yeast water and original starter. I left it for 24 hours and saw some bubbling. I then did the mother starter in another jar (though i dont have a small jar – a big one is still ok?). Do I now discard the original starter (big jar) or can I put it in the fridge? What can I do with it? For the feeding, I use the ‘new’ starter that I make every 12 hours as the active starter? Ie I dont use the original big jar starter? When do I know when I am ready to start making bread? I was also wondering how thin or thick the paste for the starter should be? How do I know it is right? Thank you!

    • Reply
      November 24, 2022 at 10:31 am

      Hi Marie, I already replied to your questions in the previous comment. You will be ready to make a loaf of bread after about 3 days of feeding. xx

  • Reply
    December 15, 2022 at 11:09 pm

    Thank you for sharing your journey with us. I came across your website in search of whether one could make a lectin free sourdough. I’ve been making regular wheat sourdough for a while now. but I am unfamiliar with sorghum and Millet flour and how they behave as I am embarking on the lectin free journey. My question is if we tried to create a lectin free starter with sorghum/millet using regular filter/tap water (and not the yeast water), will it just take much longer for the fermentation process, or will it never ferment in the first place? Thank you in advance for your time.

    • Reply
      December 16, 2022 at 3:54 am

      Hi Kauthar, you can also make a starter with millet, sorghum, and teff, only with water. However, that is a longer process, requires some hands-on time, and is riskier. The yeast water method is the easiest. And if you decide to make it, also try to use teff, as it ferments really well. I hope this helps.

  • Reply
    December 28, 2022 at 11:37 pm

    I am on day 6 of making the yeast water, but I failed to realize the lid of my jar is not air tight. It seals but when turned upside down some liquid comes out.
    Does this negate the whole 6 days and I need to start over with an air tight jar?

    • Reply
      December 29, 2022 at 7:00 am

      Hi Jeff, there shouldn’t be a problem if it’s not air tight.

  • Reply
    Charllee Holmes
    January 8, 2023 at 7:29 am

    Claudia, Hi there! Thanks for all of your information! I am embarking on a lectin free diet. I have a well established sourdough starter that I use a couple times a week. I use a mixture of bread, whole wheat and rye flours to feed. 80-10-10. My question is…. can I start feeding my starter with your 3 lectin free flours and use it instead starting over with the fruits?
    Thanks, Charllee

    • Reply
      January 8, 2023 at 11:18 am

      Hi Charllee, my pleasure! Unfortunately, that will not work. You have to start from scratch, but it’s really easy, especially if you are familiar with making sourdough. I hope this helps xx

  • Reply
    January 9, 2023 at 6:49 am

    Well, Claudia, I think I knew the answer to that…but I had to try. I have gathered all of the ingredients to begin the process. I have a Brod & Taylor bread proofing box. Please, what temperature is best in your opinion. With my regular sourdough it is 78 degrees. Is that the correct temperature for this? Again, thanks so much for this new challenge! I am 68 and just retired so I have more time to try projects like this. (I can’t let my old starter die. We have taken care of each other for a long time and I would feel like I killed a close friend. I gave her dehydrated and frozen!!)

    • Reply
      January 10, 2023 at 3:54 am

      Hi Charllee! I never used a proofing box, but I have a friend who does to make this bread. She said the inside temperature in the box is 75-76. Just keep in mind that this bread ferments much faster than a normal bread. And teff, specifically, ferments faster than sorghum and millet. So I think you should experiment and see what works best for you. Please keep us in the look, I’d love to learn how your experiment is going xx

  • Reply
    January 13, 2023 at 10:12 am

    Claudia, I made the Starter this morning and am excited to see what happens in the next 24 hours. My other starter is feeling neglected so I fed her this morning and will feed her again this evening and make bread tomorrow to give to friends. I MISS HOMEMADE BREAD!! I am so excited to taste this new kind of bread in the near future.

    Any suggestions on which bread I should make the first time?? Thanks! Charllee

    • Reply
      January 14, 2023 at 4:03 am

      Hi Charllee, this is great! I think you should start with the millet and sorghum loaf, as this is the master recipe, and the best way to learnt this method of making bread. Once you learn to make this one, the other ones are so easy, and you can even create your own recipes. Please keep us in the loop. I love making (and eating!!) homemade bread :))

  • Reply
    February 22, 2023 at 8:59 am

    I’m about to attempt my first bake in a few days but realized the psyllium husk I have is a powder. I tried looking for psyllium husk flakes but no where to be found. Please advise!

    • Reply
      February 22, 2023 at 10:02 am

      Hi Kauthar, you need the psyllium husk flakes to make this bread. Where do you live? They should be available to order online (Amazon). Search for whole psyllium husks or psyllium husks.

  • Reply
    February 27, 2023 at 1:11 pm

    can I make the started with only millet and sorghum? thanks!

    • Reply
      February 28, 2023 at 3:32 am

      Hi Astrid, yes, you can. But you won’t be able to use teff when making bread (or maybe in just very small quantities).

  • Reply
    March 30, 2023 at 12:57 pm

    Dear Claudia,

    Thank you so much for sharing your experiences and preparing a very comprehensive, detailed guide to help us avoid pitfalls etc. I am intending to have a go at this, but I am not a baker and I am afraid due to a medical condition I struggle to process new and complex information, therefore i have what started as a few questions and grew to a few more :
    1. May I use pear instead of apple due to FODMAP issues?
    2. Have I got it right that I start off making the water, then I make a starter 1, then I make a mother starter 2 and use the discard from the starter 1 to make something like the waffles, make some dry flakes with it or keep it in the fridge and feed it once a week or so and do I keep discarding here if so at what rate, or is the mother starter 2 the only one that we nurture and feed that becomes the main starter?
    3. When I am feeding the mother starter 2 using one or ideally two 200g jars….at this point when we feed will we also have discard of mother starter 2 but the proportions are much smaller;
    4. It sounds to me that the purpose of the 2 jars is to keep moving 10g from the the mother starter 2 to a clean jar which is what makes me think we will have other discard – which we can’t keep in that jar as the jar will be needed the next day, so do we store that in another jar to create another discard starter or add starter 2 discard to starter 1 discard each day? I do like that you use small quantities with mother starter as you say the amounts discarded from larger jars does seem wasteful – or you would run out of space for starter discard! 😊
    5. Then when I have just about got the hang of that I need to create another starter called a preferment from which I can make bread from …my head is spinning but I really want to give it a go!
    6. Then when I have the preferment going I can continue to keep changing jars and feeding mother starter 2 from which I can make other preferments?
    7. What is the benefit of starting a mother starter 2 and not using the starter 1 for the entire process may I ask? It helps if I understand these things to embed them,…and why do we make a third starter for the bread?
    8. If there is a difference between discard or starter 1 and mother starter 2 can they be mixed or should we plan to use up starter 1 discard and never see it again?
    If it isn’t too much to ask it would also be super helpful to have your email with replies directly after the questions – then I can keep it on my fridge door or something as an aide memoire!
    Sorry for asking so many questions. 🙂

    • Reply
      March 30, 2023 at 1:53 pm

      Hi Louise,
      Congratulations on deciding to start this process. Overall you understood the process very well. You will see that it is much easier to do than explain. Just don’t try to go too far along the process, as you will figure things out by doing them. Answers below for all your questions:
      1. I suggest you stick to the apple, as you will not be ingesting it; you are only harvesting the wild yeast on it. I tried with other fruits (not pears) and it didn’t work, so I would not risk it.
      2. After you take 10 grams from it, Starter 1 has done its job. Put it in the fridge as a back-up, just in case starter 2 doesn’t take off, but from now on, you won’t be working with starter 1 anymore. Yes, it can be used as a discard, but it could be overwhelming to learn to work with dicard and build a starter and learn how to make bread at the same time. And yes, from now on Starter 2 is your main starter, forever, if you take care of it well (give it a name!).
      3. As per point 2, you will only have discard from Starter 2 (that has a name, or mother starter).
      4. Correct! You store the discard from your mother starter in a bigger jar, in the fridge, but not longer than 2 weeks.
      5. For the preferment, you just need an extra jar. To make the preferment, just follow the recipe you are trying to bake. It’s different depending on the type of bread you are making (for a loaf is similar to making the starter, for focaccia is doubled, and so on). Also, the preferment will be made with the flours you use for the bread. If you make a sorghum and millet loaf, you will use equal quantities of sorghum and millet flour. Again, just follow the recipe.
      6. I’m not sure I understand this Q. You make a preferment only when you bake a bread. I think you are going too far right now. Make the yeast water, get the starter going, and when you have an active starter, you can go to the bread recipe, where you just follow the instructions step by step. It’s much easier to do than to explain.
      7. A starter is a complex ecosystem of bacteria. There are some rules to make it; it just needs to be done this way in this case. A preferment is the levain for the bread. You don’t have enough starter to make bread, so you need to make a preferment before you make a bread.
      8. I think you should just forget about starter 1 discard. Keep it in the fridge just as a back-up. Once you have your starter 2 going, you decide if you want to use starter 1 discard in any way.

      I hope this answers all your questions (see if Q6 is clarified!). Keep us updated with the process xx

  • Reply
    April 15, 2023 at 11:59 am

    I forgot to feed my starter last night before I went to bed. I fed it first thing this morning when I got up. Is the starter ruined or can I save it somehow?

    • Reply
      April 15, 2023 at 12:42 pm

      Hi Kerstin, it’s not ruined; continue to feed it as per the schedule. Claudia

  • Reply
    April 15, 2023 at 2:48 pm

    Thank you so much, Claudia!
    I can’t wait to make sourdough bread tomorrow.

  • Reply
    Susan M
    April 23, 2023 at 4:21 pm

    Claudie I am trying to find the teff flour you recommended to make my starter but the link on your site does not work and when I search Amazon for that brand of teff flour it is not available on amazon. What are the particular parameters I need to make sure are available for the correct Teff Flour. I know organics teff flour but is it whole grain, ivory or dark, etc.
    Thank for your reply.

    • Reply
      April 24, 2023 at 3:30 am

      Hi Susan! I just checked, and you are right; that link no longer works. I replaced it with Bob’s Red Mill, which doesn’t mention organic but it is non-GMO. I don’t think Teff is being genetically modified anyway. Any type of teff flour would work, but I do prefer organic. In general, when it comes to making sourdough, GF or not, organic flour is preferable. That being said, in the case of teff, it is used to make injera, the fermented Ethiopian bread, so I think what you find on the US market is ok. All teff flour is whole grain. I fed my starter with both brown and ivory teff, and the only difference is in color and a little bit the taste. Brown teff has a stronger flavor, nuttier and, I always think it smells of chocolate 😁. Also, usually, brown teff absorbs more water than ivory teff. Bread made with brown teff will be very dark, and bread made with ivory teff will be lighter in color. I hope this helps xx – Claudia

  • Reply
    Susan M
    April 25, 2023 at 8:29 am

    Thank you so much for your answer. I can wait to get started. Your pictures and explanations & instructions are excellent. So happy I found you.

    • Reply
      April 25, 2023 at 8:57 am

      My pleasure! xx – Claudia

  • Reply
    April 27, 2023 at 8:02 am

    Would be sooo amazingly helpful if you ever made a video showing us this process one day

    • Reply
      April 27, 2023 at 8:46 am

      Please check my latest recipe: Hemp Sourdough Bread – I created a video of the whole process. xx – Claudia

  • Reply
    May 1, 2023 at 12:57 am

    Hi Claudia,
    Thank you so much for such a detailed guide on making a gluten-free lectin-free sourdough starter. Due to a coeliac in the family this house is strictly gluten-free and to date I have been a little overwhelmed on how to approach any sort of gluten-free sourdough. We have recently started looking at lectin free diets and so this guide is very well received indeed!
    I just made the first mother starter and the second feeding is due in a few hours. So far so good, and I am looking to make my first ever sourdough bread in a few more days.
    Thanks again for your amazing work with this article 🙂

    • Reply
      May 1, 2023 at 1:39 am

      Hi Paul, so happy this is helping and that you started! Please do keep us updated xx – Claudia

      • Reply
        May 19, 2023 at 1:37 am

        Hi Claudia!
        I just took the first attempt out of the oven using your sorghum and millet recipe.
        The house smells amazing and the bread looks like the real deal.
        Time to wait for it to cool then I’ll update on the final result.
        Thank you so much for your blog! There is no way I would’ve attempted this without it.

        • Reply
          May 19, 2023 at 4:16 am

          Hi Paul, that’s great! Thanks for letting me know and I hope the bread is as good as it looks. Please don’t slice it before 5 hours :). And ho let us know how it comes out. – Claudia

      • Reply
        May 19, 2023 at 1:37 am

        Hi Claudia!
        I just took the first attempt out of the oven using your sorghum and millet recipe.
        The house smells amazing and the bread looks like the real deal.
        Time to wait for it to cool then I’ll update on the final result.
        Thank you so much for your blog! There is no way I would’ve attempted this without it.

  • Reply
    May 6, 2023 at 11:28 am

    Claudia, can I use distilled water for the yeast water? I distill my own water. Thank you for this recipe!

    • Reply
      May 6, 2023 at 12:13 pm

      Hi Caroline, no, you can’t use distilled water. For a strong starter and bread, you need water that still has the minerals in it.

  • Reply
    May 6, 2023 at 11:55 am

    Claudia, when reactivating dry starter, you say : “Feedings no. 2 and no. 3 – 20g of paste from the first feeding + 20g water + 20g flour mix” If using 20 g of paste from the first feeding TWICE are you making 2 starters? What do you do with the starter from feeding no. 2? Are you saving the first feeding to use twice at 12 hour intervals? I’m confused. Thank you.

    • Reply
      May 6, 2023 at 12:11 pm

      Hi Caroline, apologies; it’s meant to be “from the previous feeding”. You build each feeding from the previous one. I changed that in the post, thanks for catching it. – Claudia

  • Reply
    May 7, 2023 at 1:00 pm

    Hello Claudia, I’m just starting my LF sourdough bread journey and have a question about feeding the starter: if I make bread once a week, do I keep the starter out and fed it twice daily as long as I make bread once a week? Otherwise put it in the fridge? If I make bread every two weeks, would I put it in the fridge and then take it out 3 days prior to feed it three times before making bread? Or do I keep it out all the time still / at what frequency of baking bread do you put it in the fridge between baking? And lastly, does it need to come to room temperature or anything before feeding it after coming out of the fridge? I’m sorry if you explained this in the video I see mentioned. I read your wonderful article I thought slowly and throughly but can not for the life of me see a video anywhere. I’d love to find it for understanding the consistency of the starter too! Thank you for sharing your recipe and detailed methods. I’m so excited (:

    • Reply
      May 7, 2023 at 1:42 pm

      Hi Rose! Congratulations on starting this journey, so exciting :)). After you make the starter, I recommend keeping it out for 1-2 weeks and feeing it every 12 hours, as it becomes stronger with each feeding (you can make bread too). After that, if you make bread once a week, you can keep it in the fridge. Let’s say your bread making dsay is Saturday morning: take the starter out of the fridge Thursday morning, let it come at room temperature (about an hour), then feed it. Feed again Thursday evening, and Friday morning. On Friday evening, feed the starter and make the preferment for the next day’s bread. After about an hour, you can put the starter back in the fridge, until next Thursday. Next day use the preferment to make the bread (but please make sure the preferment is not older than 10 hours, max. Like if you make the preferment at 10pm, make the dough at 8am the next morning. I hope this makes sense. Please keep us updated with the progress or any questions you have. xx -Claudia

      • Reply
        May 13, 2023 at 1:24 pm

        Thank you SO much!! This was so helpful. Happy Saturday! 🌻✨

      • Reply
        May 14, 2023 at 12:14 pm

        Hello! I made the sourdough starter and it has risen about 25% and has little bubble holes on top, but it doesn’t have any cracks and large bubbles (it doesn’t look like your photos) — is it okay to move onto make the mother starter? I’m worried that it hasn’t fermented enough, and that perhaps I made a mistake by using a coffee filter that wasn’t unfolded so it didn’t let enough oxygen in? But I don’t know anything about how this process actually works so that’s a wild guess ☺️ Thoughts? Thank you again!

        • Reply
          May 15, 2023 at 1:01 pm

          Hi Rose, from your description, it should be fine. -Claudia

          • Rose
            May 19, 2023 at 12:41 am

            Hello Claudia, I’ve been feeding my sourdough starter and am now ready now to make my first loaf! So exciting! For the preferment I know you said to use it within 10 hours, but what’s the minimum amount of time the preferment takes? I’m wondering if I can make it in the morning and then make bread in the afternoon? Thank you for your guidance!

          • Claudia
            May 19, 2023 at 4:15 am

            Hi Rose, the preferment is at its peak in probably 6, 7 hours, if it’s not too cold in the house. So yes, you can make a preferment in the morning and bake in the afternoon. You know when the preferment / or the starter it’s at the peak when it has a dome and cracks on top. Good luck with your first bread! – Claudia

  • Reply
    May 13, 2023 at 1:20 pm

    Hi Claudia! Today I combined the yeast water and flour (big jar) and I’m unsure of whether the lid is supposed to be air tight or not. I know it isn’t for the little jars when I get to that point, but I wasn’t sure if “cover it” meant seal it or just loosely cover? Thank you so much!

    • Reply
      May 13, 2023 at 1:44 pm

      Hi Savannah, the same rules as for the starter apply. Cover so things from the outside don’t get in, but not air tight. xx

      • Reply
        May 14, 2023 at 11:58 am

        Thank you Claudia! I saw that you did include this detail in the instructions 🤦🏻‍♀️ and I was mistakenly following along solely in the blog portion! Thank again!

  • Reply
    Murphy McCann
    June 1, 2023 at 11:56 pm

    Hello Claudia – I can’t tell you how much I appreciate all your hard work in keeping up your website but I am absolutely amazed how respectful you are to respond to everyone that sends a message. Very impressed!! The only one question I have is that when I made my yeast water, I only used organic apples and organic blueberries. I did buy dried dates but when I got home I realized they were sweetened so I just didn’t use them. I have followed your notes to a T but somehow I feel that because I left out the dried dates that my starter is just not what it should be. I have been feeding it for about 5 days and have not made bread yet because I was waiting for my Psyiliam husks to arrive. I just really haven’t noticed that it rises much. I just made my preferment this evening and planned on making bread in the morning so I guess I will see how it goes. 🙂

    • Reply
      June 2, 2023 at 3:00 pm

      Hi Murphy! Thanks so much for the kind words. I haven’t tried the yeast water without dry fruits, I know they help, but it might work without. Let’s see first how your bread comes out and we can take the discussion from there. – Claudia

      • Reply
        Murphy McCann
        June 15, 2023 at 10:16 pm

        Thanks for your reply. As it turns out I made the mistake of buying plain TEFF and not TEFF FLOUR. This was the reason I wasn’t getting my starter to rise at all. Needless to say I have started all over again and this time was able to use organic dates (although they were not dried). I’m about to make the first of the starter now so we’ll see how it goes. Thanks again.

        • Reply
          June 17, 2023 at 8:06 am

          Oh wow! Let us know how it goes. I hope the fresh dates work. -Claudia

  • Reply
    June 29, 2023 at 1:46 pm

    Hi Claudia,
    I’m excited to get started with the sour dough bread! I’ve made my yeast today 🙂 Reading the other ingredients I am wondering if I can use Tapioca starch or does it have to be tapioca flour? Thanks for your recipe!!!

    • Reply
      June 29, 2023 at 2:46 pm

      Hi Cyndi, congratulations!!! Yes, is tapioca starch you have to use. For tapioca, the name flour and starch are interchangeable. Let us know how it goes. -Claudia

  • Reply
    August 20, 2023 at 6:37 am

    Hi Claudia, I am getting quite confused about mother starter starter and preferment… I’m not sure which jar and which starter I am meant to be using when!!! Sorry but very new to bread making …

    • Reply
      August 20, 2023 at 7:42 am

      Hi Karen! I’m not sure what stage are you at. If you already have a mother starter, please watch the Video in this article where I feed my starter. That’s something you do twice a day (morning and evenings), when you keep the starter on the counter. If you take a break from making bread, you can store it in the fridge for up to two weeks after you feed it once. This is your mother starter. The PREFERMENT – you only make one the night before you bake bread, use it for the bread and that’s it. The Starter is always fed with 35 grams of an equal mix of teff, millet and flour. The Preferment is made with 35 grams (or whatever the recipe asks for) of the flour you use to make bread (if you make millet and sorghum bread, you will use 35 grams of an equal mix of sorghum and millet flour. I hope this is clear. If you want more guidance, join the Creative in My Kitchen Facebook group, you can ask questions, post pictures and videos, and we can interact and help you figure it out. -Claudia

    • Reply
      August 20, 2023 at 9:05 am

      Also more than anything I’m not sure what sort of consistency the starter/preferment should be? Mine seem to be on the liquid side when I add that much water. Many thanks for your help and all your inspiration with lectin free cuisine. I am loving it.

      • Reply
        August 21, 2023 at 4:10 am

        Hi Karen, please view my previous answer. Join our group on FB and share pictures and videos, we can respond and have a conversation in real time. Check the video with me feeding my starter, you can see the consistency. It should be like a well hydrated paste. So yours is liquid when you add 30g of water? If that’s the case, one of all of your flours might be too old (not necessarily you have them for a long time, but maybe the’ve been milled a long time ago).

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